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The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology (ACC) have released major new blood pressure guidelines that lower the definition of high blood pressure to 130/80 mm Hg rather than the previous 140/90.
The AHA/ACC estimates that with the new lower guideline measurements, close to half of the U.S. adult population (46 percent) has high blood pressure, or hypertension, rather than 32 percent with the previous definition.
High blood pressure should be treated earlier with lifestyle changes and, in some patients, with medication – at 130/80 mm Hg rather than 140/90 – according to the report, reflecting complications that can occur at those lower numbers. High blood pressure is a leading cause of preventable heart disease and stroke deaths, second only to smoking.
The new guidelines also eliminate the category of prehypertension, which was previously used for blood pressures with a top number (systolic) between 120-139 mm Hg or a bottom number (diastolic) between 80-89 mm Hg. Patients with these readings will now be categorized as having either Elevated (120-129 and less than 80) or Stage 1 hypertension (130-139 or 80-89). Previous guidelines classified 140/90 mm Hg as Stage 1 hypertension. This level is now classified as Stage 2 hypertension.
Less than 120/80 mm Hg
Systolic between 120-129 mm Hg and diastolic less than 80 mm Hg
Systolic between 130-139 mm Hg or diastolic between 80-89 mm Hg
Systolic at least 140 mm Hg or diastolic at least 90 mm Hg
Systolic over 180 mm Hg and/or diastolic over 120 mm Hg
The new guidelines are the successor to the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7), issued in 2003.
Hypertension is among the most common quality measures tracked by providers and payers. Checking, recording and controlling hypertension among your patient population can help improve performance with this measure.
To provide the care your patients need, and help protect your reimbursement, value-based care quality measures must be met and maintained. We offer helpful tools and resources to keep you ahead of the curve and providing the best care possible. Download our resource and tool guide for cardiovascular quality measures to learn more.Download Now
Source: High blood pressure redefined for first time in 14 years: 130 is the new high, November 13, 2017, heart.org